Responsive City

Responsive City, ongoing 

Soft Interventions

Responsive City explores how today’s city operates within the multifaceted realms of society. The cities are built upon the physical and metaphysical frameworks from the past. Understanding how today’s cities are responding to fast changing society will inform us how to predict and design for the future. This research is mainly based on New York City which is one of the world’s oldest and densest metropolises yet incorporates observations from the other long-established cities, such as Paris, Berlin, Tokyo and Seoul.

Cities have soft and hard interfaces to mitigate coexisting temporal and permanent needs; physical structures such as buildings and infrastructure are hard side of the city which takes substantial time to adapt changes. Therefore, softer, flexible and temporal elements are emerging to bridge the gap between the hard and soft interfaces; mobile structures, temporary pavilions, niche parks and interior public spaces are shared elements between metropolises. This chapter highlights temporal, progressive interventions and evaluates public interfaces in New York; programs and how they are being operated. Case studies share Mobility, Flexibility, Immediacy, and Openness as common characteristics, understanding the historical and current operations of the city will provide foresight for the future.